What are hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are swollen and sagging swelling bodies in the rectum. These swelling bodies are important when closing the anus; they ensure that no faeces leak from the anus. When the swelling bodies in the anus swell and sag too much, we speak of internal hemorrhoids. However, it is also possible that the swelling bodies are located outside the anus. In this case we speak of an external hemorrhoid.

The cause of hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are caused by an increased pressure on the swelling bodies, for example by hard pressing. This allows the swelling bodies to swell, sag and then bleed. In addition to pressing, hemorrhoids can be formed by:

Little physical activity

When you move a little, it is possible that your stools become hard and dry with the result that you have to press hard during unloading. In addition, a lot of sitting can lead to pressure on the anus. Therefore, try to move for at least half an hour a day.


In case of constipation (constipation in the large intestine) you press harder and longer through hard stools. This causes a lot of pressure on the swelling bodies, causing them to swell. In addition, the blood vessels in the exit of the anus damage.


Your uterus grows during pregnancy, which causes pressure on the intestines. The extra pressure ensures a slower functioning of the intestines. A dry and harder stool is the result. In addition, the modified hormone regulation also affects the development of constipation.

Especially in the last months of pregnancy, the pressure of the child in the womb increases. At birth the pressure on the uterus and blood vessels will be even higher because of the hard pressing and because the baby presses the anus. Due to this pressure, the hemorrhoids are not only more prominent; it may happen that part of the rectum comes out. More information about hemorrhoids and pregnancy can be found here .

Symptoms hemorrhoids and common complaints

You can recognize hemorrhoids from the following symptoms and symptoms:

Itching of the anus during relief
Weird feeling
Pain during the stool
Swelling at the anus
Anal secretion
Problems with bowel movements